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Low back pain

Low back pain is one of the main reasons people visit their doctor. For adults over 40, it ranks third as a cause for doctor visits, after heart disease and arthritis. 80% of people will have low back pain at some point in their lives. And nearly everyone who has low back pain once will have it again. The most common cause of low back pain include bad posture, lack of exercise, obsess, and injuries.

Cause of lowback pain

There are many causes of low back pain. The back problems are result of acute injuries includes fracture, sprain and strain of muscle; chronic injuries include wear and tear, degeneration of spine. Over time, the normal process of aging can result in degenerative changes in all parts of the spine.

lowback pain

Symptom of lowback pain

Lowback pain usually starts from degenerative changes in the disc. As the disc begins to collapse and the space between the vertebrae narrows, the facet joints may become inflamed. Lowback pain typically gets worse after activity due to strain on the moving parts of the spine. Back pain is usually felt in the back, but it may spread into the buttocks, hips, and thighs. The pain rarely goes down past the knee.

Risk factors of lowback pain

  • Improper posture
  • Lack of exercise
  • Work requires lots of bending and standing
  • Past injuries
  • Pregnant

How does physiotherapist treat lowback pain?

physiotherapy treatment is most effective to treat lowback pain. We will have you do some exercises to relax your lowback muscles. Our physiotherapist will show you ways to change your activities to prevent triggering and to protect your back. Our therapy sessions will apply heat, Shortwave, ultrasound, shock wave will help to reduce pain of your lowback. The goal of your treatment is to decrease inflammation and help patient to return to pain free status.

Exercise for lowback pain

Trunk Curl: Trunk Curl strengthen the abdominal muscles.

  1. 1. Keep the knees bent and the lower back flat on the floor while raising the shoulders up 3 - 6 inches.
  2. 2. Exhale on the way up, and inhale on the way down.
  3. 3. Perform this exercise slowly five times with the arms across the chest.

Pelvic Tilt. The pelvic tilt alleviates tight or fatigued lower back muscles.

  1. Lie on the back with the knees bent and feet flat on the floor.
  2. Tighten the buttocks and abdomen so that they tip up slightly.
  3. Press the lower back to the floor, hold for one second, and then relax.
  4. Be sure to breathe evenly.

Hamstring stretch: Help to stretch the muscle groups of your low back.

  1. Lie on your back with your knees bent. Raise one leg slowly and place your hands behind your knee.
  2. Straighten your leg as much as you can, and gently pull it toward your chest.
  3. Hold for a few seconds, then return to the starting position and repeat with the other leg.

Each set of these exercise should be repeated five times per set and three sets per day, this could strengthen and stretch your back muscle group.

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